I have been preparing expert reports for the assistance of the civil courts since 1995. I have given evidence in the jurisdictions of England & Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland, the Republic of Ireland, Jersey and Canada.

I have given evidence to the Court of Protection in relation to use of contraception by those with learning disability.

I have also given evidence on fitness to practise to the General Medical Council.


  • Clinical negligence – doctors and nurses
  • Harm / damage / side effects resulting from contraception

Contraceptive Implants (Norplant, Implanon and Nexplanon)

  • Nerve injury with implants
  • Lost, deep and migrated implants
  • Failure to remove implant
  • Failure to insert implant

IUDs (intrauterine devices, coils)

  • Uterine ( womb) perforations
  • Pregnancy with IUD
  • Forgotten IUDs as a cause of secondary infertility


  • Problems in early pregnancy
  • Late diagnosis or failure to diagnose pregnancy / ectopic pregancy
  • Failed long-acting reversible contraception (LARC: implants, IUDs, IUS / Mirena and Depo-Provera injections)
  • Wrongful conception

Abortion & Sterilisation

  • Counselling
  • Failure to offer late abortion

Learning Disability

  • Best interests
  • Least restrictive contraceptive options
  • Involved in several Court of Protection cases:
    • A Local Authority v K [2013] EWHC 242 (COP)
    • Re DD (no. 4) (Sterilisation) [2015] EWCOP 4
    • The Hospital Trust v Miss V [2017] EWCOP 20

Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Group action against manufacturer
  • Patent infringement